One of the well known Conspiracy which is famous among Internet – Islamaphobes is THAT ” Muhammad Never Existed ” as a Historical Prophet . The Chief Proponents are well known Anti – Muslim Bigots from Evangelical Backgrounds in United States. Like Well Known Racist Robert Spencer .
Robert Spencer in his Bogus Propaganda Book Against Historical Muhammad – Allege that A Coin Dated From 684 – 685 A.D From Muslim Ruled Palestine – which show cases a variety of symbols and characteristics of typical Arab-Byzantine COINS ( when arabs Conquered SYRIA and Palestine, they started to mint coins Imitating- EXISTING Roman Byzantine coins of the period -with Arabic formulas . So, their coins will be used in market ) bear a STANDING Imperial Figure with a big standard adorned with Cross and on the reverse a ”M” with Muhammad minted in Arabic . Particularly on the reverse the ”M” have a small cross adorned on its top .
He states that this in some fanciful way shows that Muhammad was a christian figure or a Title to a Christian figure who was famous among Christians ..etc etc…
This Conspiracy theory so famous that every Anti muslim propagators started to Quote as if Its True – Is it ?
NAAAH – a Big Fat no .Scholars in the Field of Numismatics and History will not even consider these sort of Crazy – ”Davinci Code” type Theories into their Footnotes .
So, Question Raises – that why do these coins have A Christian Cross and A Arabic Inscriptions.
When Muslim in 630s Conquered Syria and Palestine , they i,e.Arabs Who had no civilized government , No Economic System , no Coinage distinct for them…. Adopted the existing system in their Conquered Provinces Both in Christian Byzantine Syria – Palestine and Persia – Sassanian Empire.
In Order to Show that they (Muslims) are in power over these territories – They started to MINT Existing Coins of their NEWLY Conquered Land with Their Own characters to show that they are the masters of the land of Byzantines and Persians.
Since, Arab-Muslim previously Never had a Coinage system , they Integrated existing coinage with their Motto and Formulas.
Historians and Numismatics scholars refer these coins as :
1.Arab-Byzantine Coins (in Byzantine Territories )
2.Arab- Sassanian Coins (Persian Territories ) .
Example of Arab Byzantine Coins :
Observe this coin have a Big ”M” and some Greek inscription inits sides plus A Arabic word written down the ”M” . In this case – Muslims – Started to include the word ”Tayib” in arabic which means – Okay or accepted , to show that these coins are issued under Arab-Muslims in newly conquered Byzantine lands.
Notice , Here We have Different Arabic word – which also denotes a Approval Command in Arabic below the Big ”M”.
Notice in the below coins , We a Figure of Emperors of Byzantine-Territories Standing with long standard with cross on its top and In Reverse – We have the ”M”(M-Denotes value like cents,dollars) and below a Arabic Word – DAM-indicating that it was Minted In Damsascus-Syria(Under Arab-Muslim Control)
Observe Below Coin – Which is Purely – Byzantine Lacking Any Arabic Inscription.
After – 678 Onward , It became very evident that Arab-Muslims are gonna Stay in the Conquered Country and Byzantine cannot win back , Muslim Rulers started implementing Arab Coins Imitating Byzantine
Notice The Above Coins – Where We Have A cross in and A Greek Inscription of Alpha and Omega- a christian Formula and Notice the Arab-Muslim Imitation Coins Where in place of a CROSS -We have A Single Pole. With Arabic Inscription -stating the Shaahda- Islamic Inscription.
Notice – in Byzantine coins we have Three Christian Emperors Holding Standard with Cross – Whereas In Arab-Muslim Coins We have Three Caliphs Without Cross .
Notice – The Difference Between the Christian-Byzantine Coins and The Arab-Muslim Coins.
Return Back to the Conspiracy theory – Where Internet Junkies- CLAIM The Below Coin as a Evident of a Christian Title – ”Muhammad”.
The Coin in question – are Arab-Byzantine Coins – Where Muslims started to include their FAITH and Doctrines into it .
Same Way – We have Arab-Sassanian Coins With Arabic inscription .
The Below Coins Also date around same period- Where Muslims after conquering Persia Started to Include the Faith and Creed into the Coins to show- Who are in Power .
Notice : The Coin have inits Front side a Persian Figure Plus a Long Arabic Inscription Which Reads – Bismillah-Muhammed Rasul-Allah-In the Name of Allah-Muhammad is the Messenger of Allah.
The Reformation – Power.
Once the Arab-Muslim Empire have established its Power in Three Continents, They Reformed their Coinage and System-with Their Own.
Reformed Coins Had No Images – Just -ISLAMIC theological statements and Qur’anic Verses.
For Arab-Byzantine/Sassanian Coins : http://www.islamic-awareness.org/History/Islam/Coins/
British Museum-Islamic Coin Collection
John Walker – Mohammadan Coinage.
Pro.Ian Davis Morris.
Tony Goodwin –The Chronology of the Umayyad Imperial Image Coinage Progress over the last 10 years.